Since 1989 of release
Repair and car operation
+ The general data
+ Engines and their device
+ Exhaust system
+ Cooling system
+ The power supply system
+ Injection system
+ Drive (transmission) and the main transfer
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Brake system
+ Wheels and tyres
+ The electrician and electronics
+ Ignition system
+ Devices and devices
+ Heating and ventilation
+ Body and salon elements
The general data
Renault 19 has been developed as a result of performance of program Х53 on creation of the car of the European middle class “М1”. Project realisation passed under the motto “Cars — in a life” and has occupied 42 months. Works on model creation have begun in November, 1984, and already after eight months, in July, 1985, the external design of the car has been definitively confirmed. During the following of 5 months the instrument panel has accepted the finished form. In April, 1986 works on internal furnish have been finished. Before start in a series in France in May, 1988, with a view of check and acknowledgement of correctness of the applied technical decisions, model pre-production models already наездили on ranges of 7,5 million kilometres.
Design Renault 19 has been developed by firm “Reno design” (“Renault Design”) in close cooperation with known Italian designer Dzhordzhio Dzhiudzharo. One of the primary goals put before designers and engineers, was to create the car with the best aerodynamics. Release, first of all, the sports version of model subsequently to use feature of a suspension bracket, brakes and aerodynamics of a body for serial models was planned.
The engine and transmission
The engine is located cross-section in front with an inclination in 12 ° back in the right part of a motor compartment (if to look in the direction of travel). To the left of it the transmission settles down. Petrol engines fasten on an auxiliary frame on three points of support (two in front, one behind). To it the bottom cross-section levers of a suspension bracket also fasten. Diesel engines, unlike petrol, fasten in a motor compartment on a shaking suspension bracket which provides the improved noise isolation of the engine. This fastening provides effective suppression of vibration idling, decrease in noise of the engine on high turns and protects the engine from jolting at driving on bad road.
All updatings Renault 19 are equipped by transmissions of manufacture of "Reno" of type JB. It is a question of the transmission located cross-section with the easy metal case. Depending on model the transmission has 4 (type JBO) or 5 (type JB3) speeds. Transmission JB3 is calculated on higher twisting moment. Both types of transmissions are equipped by blocking of casual inclusion of transfer of a backing.
Suspension bracket Renault 19 strongly differs from suspension bracket Renault 21 and is more reliable. The forward suspension bracket consists of Mak Fersona leaning against cross-section shaking levers racks.
Longitudinal directing energies are taken up by the cross-section stabilizer. From above racks of the shock-absorber of Mak Fersona fasten by means of an elastic suspension bracket to a casing of wheel arches.
The safety air cushion settles down in a steering wheel. The electronic sensor control estimates force of blow in case of failure and ignites a gas-forming charge which inflates a safety pillow. For effective protection of the driver fastened by a seat belt the pillow volume makes about 35 l. It is filled with nitrogen for 25 m with the ambassador of ignition of a gas-forming charge. Nitrogen as the basic component of air which we breathe, is completely safe for the person and environment.